International Journal of Trichology International Journal of Trichology
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 271-274

The impact of alopecia areata on sexual quality of life

1 Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
2 Health Sciences Division, Loyola University, Chicago, IL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arash Mostaghimi
Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 221 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijt.ijt_93_18

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Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by patches of hair loss that can cause decreased quality of life. This study evaluates the sexual quality of life for patients with AA. Methods: We surveyed patients in the National Alopecia Areata Foundation patient registry using an online version of the validated Sexual Quality of Life for Females (SQOL-F) and Sexual Quality of Life for Males (SQOL-M) questionnaires. Main Outcome Measures: Patient sexual quality of life was measured using the SQOL-F and SQOL-M instruments. Results: Eighty-one participants with AA (64 females and 17 males) completed the surveys. The mean age was 39.7 ± 13.8 years for women and 37.4 ± 9.9 years for men. Women had a decreased sexual quality of life with mean SQOL-F score of 51.3 ± 22.9. Men had a decreased sexual quality of life with mean SQOL-M score of 62.7 ± 33.9 (higher scores indicate greater sexual quality of life). No statistical difference was found between these two cohorts (P = 0.12). In discussing negative aspects of their sexuality, women strongly identified with emotional statements such as “I feel embarrassed” (n = 48, 75.0%) while men strongly identified with emotional statements such as “I feel anxious” (n = 7, 46.7%). Both cohorts strongly identified with “I feel like I have lost something” (n = 48, 76.2% and n = 7, 43.8%, respectively). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that AA has a negative impact on the patient's sexual quality of life.

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