International Journal of Trichology International Journal of Trichology
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   2016| April-June  | Volume 8 | Issue 2  
    Online since August 9, 2016

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Serum biotin levels in women complaining of hair loss
Ralph M Treb
April-June 2016, 8(2):73-77
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188040  PMID:27601860
Biotin is a coenzyme for carboxylase enzymes that assist various metabolic reactions involved in fatty acid synthesis, branched-chain amino acid catabolism, and gluconeogenesis important for maintenance of healthy skin and hair. Due to its availability, affordability, and effective marketing for this purpose, biotin is a popular nutritional supplement for treatment of hair loss. However, there are little data on the frequency of biotin deficiency in patients complaining of hair loss and on the value of oral biotin for treatment of hair loss that is not due to an inborn error of biotin metabolism or deficiency. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and significance of biotin deficiency in women complaining of hair loss. Biotin deficiency was found in 38% of women complaining of hair loss. Of those showing diffuse telogen effluvium in trichograms (24%), 35% had evidence of associated seborrheic-like dermatitis. About 11% of patients with biotin deficiency had a positive personal history for risk factors for biotin deficiency. The custom of treating women complaining of hair loss in an indiscriminate manner with oral biotin supplementation is to be rejected, unless biotin deficiency and its significance for the complaint of hair loss in an individual has been demonstrated on the basis of a careful patient history, clinical examination, determination of serum biotin levels, and exclusion of alternative factors responsible for hair loss.
  23 13,269 63
A study of noncultured extracted hair follicle outer root sheath cell suspension for transplantation in vitiligo
Aarti N Shah, Ritu K Marfatia, Siddhartha S Saikia
April-June 2016, 8(2):67-72
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188042  PMID:27601859
Context: Vitiligo surgeries have come a long way from tissue grafts to cultured and non cultured cell transplantation. Extracted hair follicle outer root sheath cell transplantation (EHF ORS) suspension is more enriched with melanocyte. In a hair bulb, there is one melanocyte for every five keratinocytes which is much higher than the epidermal melanin unit. Aims: To analyse the effectiveness of cultured EHF ORS and to perform objective evaluation based on clinical improvement & photographic evidence. To observe any untoward events or side effects. Settings and Design: The study was open and uncontrolled. All the patients were screened at preliminary visit. Reviews were done every two weeks. The endpoint selected was six months post procedure. Materials and Methods: Twenty five patients of stable Vitiligo were included in the study and follicular unit were harvested by Follicular Unit Extraction method. Outer root sheath cells were extracted by trypsinization. The solution was transplanted over dermabraded recipient site. Pressure dressing was given. Patients were followed up regularly. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive Statistics, Chi-Square. Results: Mean ± SD repigmentation was 80.15% ± 22.9% with excellent repigmentation (90-100%) in 60% of patients. Conclusions: This method is safe, effective, and simpler than the other methods involving cell culturing and requiring a laboratory set-up but selection of patients is crucial for the success of the outcome.
  11 5,153 100
Scanning electron microscopy study of hair shaft damage secondary to cosmetic treatments of the hair
Feroze Kaliyadan, BB Gosai, Walid Naief Al Melhim, Kaberi Feroze, Habib Ahmad Qureshi, Sayed Ibrahim, Joel Kuruvilla
April-June 2016, 8(2):94-98
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188035  PMID:27601867
Introduction and Background: Cosmetic procedures for hair, such as bleaching, dyeing, and straightening, are commonly used around the world. It has been suggested that excessive use of such procedures can cause damage to the hair shaft. We aimed to assess hair shaft changes using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in female volunteers who frequently use hair treatment procedures such as bleaching, dyeing, or straightening. Methods: A cross-sectional, controlled study in a sample of 25 female volunteers (19 study group and 6 controls) in the age group of 18–45 years. The study group was composed of volunteers who regularly used different cosmetic hair treatment procedures such as bleaching, dyeing, and straightening (any one of these or a combination). The control group had never used any specific hair treatment procedure. The hair shaft damage as seen on SEM was assessed using a standardized scoring system and compared among the two groups statistically. The hair shafts were also examined clinically and with light microscopy. Results: No significant differences were seen between the test and control groups with regard to normal clinical examination and light microscopy findings. A higher degree of hair shaft damage was evident under SEM in the study group as compared to the control group. This difference was statistically significant. Conclusions: Regular use of procedures such as bleaching, dyeing, or straightening can lead to subtle changes in the hair shaft which can be detected early by SEM.
  10 5,998 82
Female pattern hair loss: A retrospective study in a tertiary referral center
Tee Wei Siah, Llorenia Muir-Green, Jerry Shapiro
April-June 2016, 8(2):57-61
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188033  PMID:27601857
Background: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is a very common problem in women. The underlying pathophysiology remains unclear, and there are no universally agreed treatment guidelines. Objective: We explored the clinical features, relevant medical and family history, laboratory evaluation, and treatment and compliance of 210 patients with FPHL. Methods: Data analysis from case notes was performed on 210 patients with a diagnosis of FPHL seen from January 2011 to December 2011. Results: The youngest individual was 8 years old and the oldest was 86 years old. Nearly, 85% of the patients had a family history of androgenetic alopecia. Hypothyroidism and hypertension are the most common medical problems. Telogen effluvium (TE) is the most common concurrent hair loss condition. Only 38% of the patients were found to have normal Vitamin D level, 71% had ferritin level above 30 μg/L, and 85% had normal zinc level at the first consultation. Fifty-nine percent of the patients failed to attend any follow-up appointments. Limitations: One of the limitations of this study is its retrospective nature. Moreover, the severity of FPHL in terms of Ludwig score was not routinely documented in the medical charts. Conclusion: History of TE, hypothyroidism and hypertension, and low serum Vitamin D is common in our patients with FPHL.
  6 9,240 163
Restoration of pigmentation by follicular unit extraction transplant in three cases of focal vitiligo recalcitrant to therapy including with previous nonculture melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant
Shruti Mohankumar Menon, Yugal K Sharma, Prakhar Bansal, Shruti S Ghadgepatil
April-June 2016, 8(2):87-88
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188041  PMID:27601864
Vitiligo is an acquired, idiopathic depigmentary disease resisting satisfactory repigmentation despite multimodal therapy. Based on the concept of activation of the existing undifferentiated stem cells in the outer root sheet of the hair follicles, follicular unit extraction (FUE) transplant is an interesting advancement in the field of minimally invasive surgery for vitiligo. We herein present three cases of vitiligo whose residual recalcitrant foci as well as poliosis – refractory to therapy including with previous nonculture melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant – repigmented satisfactorily after FUE transplant.
  5 4,225 85
Visualization of hair bulbs through the scalp: A trichoscopic feature of erosive pustular dermatitis of the scalp
Michela Starace, Annalisa Patrizi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
April-June 2016, 8(2):91-93
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188038  PMID:27601866
Erosive pustular dermatitis of the scalp (EPDS) typically affects elderly people with scarring alopecia. Videodermoscopy (VD) of the scalp has never been assessed in the diagnosis of EPDS. To evaluate the trichoscopy features of EPDS, we carried out a retrospective analysis of VD images obtained in the scalp of ten patients who affected by EPDS and were compared with those obtained from a series of thirty patients who affected by other type of scarring alopecia. The most specific VD feature was thus represented by evident hair bulb in the scarring scalp, observed in all patients.
  4 3,219 40
An observational study of the association between androgenetic alopecia and size of the prostate
Kanagaraj Ramsamy, Radhakrishnan Subramaniyan, Anjan Kumar Patra
April-June 2016, 8(2):62-66
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188034  PMID:27601858
Introduction: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is characterized by miniaturization of the hair follicle, leading to vellus transformation of the terminal hair follicle. It is caused by interactions between androgens, several genes, and environmental factors with hair follicles. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is highly prevalent among elderly men but infrequent in those younger than 40 years. Because both entities share a common pathogenesis and AGA manifests before the onset of BPH, there could be an association between AGA and BPH. Aim: To study the possible association between AGA and the size of prostate. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five consecutive male patients, 35–65 years of age with AGA of Hamilton–Norwood classification Grades 3–7, were included in the study. AGA of Grades 1 and 2 patients on treatment with minoxidil, finasteride, or other treatments for AGA with history of prostate cancer or prostate disease were excluded from the study. Prostate size was measured through transabdominal ultrasonography. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS software. Results: Of the 65 AGA patients, the mean age was 47.18 years. Grade 4 AGA was the most common grade seen in 19 patients (29.2%), out of which, most (47.4%) were in the 56–65 years age group. 52.3% patients had normal prostate volume, and 47.7% had an enlarged prostate. The percentage of patients with the normal and enlarged prostate in moderate Grade 3 AGA was 68.8% and 31.2%, and in severe Grade 6 AGA, it was 33.3% and 66.7%, respectively. Prostate enlargement was more likely to occur in severe AGA than in moderate AGA(odds ratio 3.311; P = 0.025, which is significant). Conclusion: This study revealed an increase in prostate size with increasing age, with higher prevalence of Grade 1 prostate enlargement in younger individuals, and with higher prevalence of Grade 3 prostate enlargement in elderly men. The study also found a positive correlation between AGA and prostate size, with higher grades of AGA having higher prostate volume.
  4 9,614 73
Trichostasis spinulosa at an unusual site
Manjeet Naresh Ramteke, Anuradha Ashok Bhide
April-June 2016, 8(2):78-80
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188032  PMID:27601861
Trichostasis spinulosa (TS) is very common yet unrecognized disorder of the hair follicle. Usually occurring on the mid-face, especially on the nose, TS occurs more commonly in young, adult dark skinned women. Here, we present a case of TS at an unusual site diagnosed on the basis of history, hair mount, dermoscopy, and histopathology.
  3 7,927 69
Trichoscopy of noncicatricial pressure-induced alopecia resembling alopecia areata
Francine Papaiordanou, Bruno Rebelo Lages da Silveira, Juan Piñeiro-Maceira, Rodrigo Pirmez
April-June 2016, 8(2):89-90
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188043  PMID:27601865
Pressure-induced alopecia is an unusual cause of hair loss, and reports of its trichoscopic features are scarce. In this paper, we describe a case of pressure-induced alopecia in which trichoscopic and histopathological findings overlap with those described for alopecia areata.
  3 4,004 50
Ambras syndrome with gingival hyperplasia: A rare entity
Vinay Kumar Reddy Kundoor, Kotya Naik Maloth, Sunitha Kesidi, Thakur Moni
April-June 2016, 8(2):81-83
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188036  PMID:27601862
Ambras syndrome is a rare and special form of congenital hypertrichosis, characterized by dysmorphic facial features and familial pattern of inheritance. It is rarely associated with gingival hyperplasia. We report such a rare entity in a 38-year-old female patient with a history of consanguinity and positive family history.
  2 3,401 53
Dermatosis neglecta and plica polonica in schizophrenia: Rarely encountered or rarely discussed!
Sujita Kumar Kar, Jyoti Singh, Pooja Singh
April-June 2016, 8(2):100-101
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188044  PMID:27601869
  2 2,546 50
Alopecia areata sisaipho: Clinical and therapeutic approach in 13 patients in Spain
Pablo Fonda-Pascual, Sergio Vano-Galvan, Maria Jose Garcia-Hernandez, Francisco Camacho
April-June 2016, 8(2):99-100
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188039  PMID:27601868
  2 8,298 48
Localized hypertrichosis following vaccination in an infant
Kajal Manchanda, Sandip Mohanty
April-June 2016, 8(2):84-86
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188037  PMID:27601863
Hypertrichosis is characterized by increased hair growth independent of androgen excess. There are various causes of acquired localized hypertrichosis including chronic irritation and inflammation. Localised hypertrichosis following pentavalent vaccine has not been described previously in Indian literature. We hereby report a case of a 4-month-old healthy infant presenting with focal circumscribed areas of hypertrichosis over anterolateral aspect of bilateral thighs at the site of vaccination.
  1 2,975 39