International Journal of Trichology International Journal of Trichology
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   2016| July-September  | Volume 8 | Issue 3  
    Online since August 24, 2016

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Serum vitamin D3 level in patients with female pattern hair loss
Mahnaz Banihashemi, Yalda Nahidi, Naser Tayyebi Meibodi, Lida Jarahi, Mojgan Dolatkhah
July-September 2016, 8(3):116-120
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188965  PMID:27625563
Background: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the most common cause of alopecia in women, characterized by diffuse nonscarring hair loss in frontal, central, and parietal areas of the scalp. Pathophysiology of FPHL is still not well known, and it is probably a multifactorial genetic trait. FPHL is also observed in women without increased androgen levels, which raises the likelihood of androgen-independent mechanisms and explains the lack of response to antiandrogen treatments in some patients. Vitamin D is a factor that has recently been considered in dealing with these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the serum levels of Vitamin D in patients with FPHL and compare it with healthy controls. Methods: In this case-control study, 45 women with FPHL were evaluated as well as the same number of healthy women matched for age, hours spent under sunlight per day, and body mass index. Serum 25(OH) D3 level was measured using ELISA. Results: 60% of FPHL patients were in 15-30 years old age group with the mean standard deviation (SD) age of 29.11 (7.30) years. In the majority of patients (66.7%), severity of hair loss was Ludwig I. Mean (SD) serum Vitamin D3 level in patient and control group was 13.45 (8.40) and 17.16 (8.96), respectively. T-test showed a significant difference between the two groups in terms of Vitamin D3 serum levels (P = 0.04). Conclusions: This study indicated the correlation between the incidence of FPHL and decreased serum levels of Vitamin D3. It is recommended to evaluate serum Vitamin D3 levels as well as other hormone assays in these patients.
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The perceived stigma in patients with alopecia and mental disorder: A comparative study
Seval Dogruk Kacar, Ethem Soyucok, Erman Bagcioglu, Pınar Ozuguz, Kerem Senol Coskun, Ahmet Hakki Asık, Hasan Mayda
July-September 2016, 8(3):135-140
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.189005  PMID:27625566
Aim: We aimed to measure the perceived stigma, especially in patients with alopecia areata (AA) and to compare the results with patients with mental disorder (MD). Materials and Methods: This study included forty patients with AA who were consecutively recruited from dermatology outpatient clinic and 42 patients with MD who were consecutively recruited from psychiatric outpatient clinic. The presence of a MD was assessed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fourth Edition. All participants were asked to complete the 28 items modified stigmatization questionnaire. Results: Total and all subscale scores of stigmatization questionnaire scale were higher in the group of patients with AA than in the patients with MD. Conclusion: AA is a condition that leads to more self-stigmatization than MD.
  9 3,479 53
A comparison of vertical and transverse sections in the histological diagnosis of alopecia areata scalp biopsy specimens
Kanika Singh, Sonal Sharma, Usha Rani Singh, Sambit Nath Bhattacharya
July-September 2016, 8(3):111-115
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188964  PMID:27625562
Context: Both vertical and transverse sections are used for the diagnosis of alopecia areata. However when a single biopsy is submitted the pathologist has to decide which type is better. Aims: To compare the diagnostic histological features in vertical and transverse sections in alopecia areata scalp biopsy specimens. Settings and Design: Tertiary Care Hospital. Comparative Study. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients were enrolled in the study. Two four mm punch biopsy were taken. One was used to take vertical sections and the other for transverse section and histological features of alopecia areata noted in both. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test, percentage. Results: Diagnosis of alopecia areata could be made in 30 (100%) cases in transverse sections and 28 cases (93.3%) in vertical sections. The number of hair follicles available for evaluation was more in the transverse section. Nanogen follicles and miniaturization of follicles were better visualized in the transverse sections. However the catagen and telogen follicles were noted in both vertical and transverse sections but the number and the ratio of anagen and telogen hair follicles could be better assessed in the transverse sections. Presence of peribulbar lymphocytic infiltrate, eosinophils and pigment casts were noted in both transverse and vertical sections. Conclusions: Transverse sections provide a better assessment of the histological features of alopecia areata than vertical sections and thus should be preferred.
  2 4,610 112
Linear alopecia areata
Shricharith Shetty, Raghavendra Rao, R Ranjini Kudva, Kumudhini Subramanian
July-September 2016, 8(3):144-145
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.189017  PMID:27625568
Alopecia areata (AA) over scalp is known to present in various shapes and extents of hair loss. Typically it presents as circumscribed patches of alopecia with underlying skin remaining normal. We describe a rare variant of AA presenting in linear band-like form. Only four cases of linear alopecia have been reported in medical literature till today, all four being diagnosed as lupus erythematosus profundus.
  1 3,082 52
A solitary facial nodule with an uncharacteristic histopathology
Aditya Kumar Bubna, Maharaja Krishnamoorthy, Barathi Gunabooshanam
July-September 2016, 8(3):146-149
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.189022  PMID:27625569
Collision or contiguous tumors refer to the combined existence of two or more tumors in a single lesion. In the skin, these growths could closely mimic other cutaneous tumors, thus making diagnosis difficult. We hereby report a dual tumor, comprising pilomatricoma, and eccrine syringofibroadenoma, which to the best of our knowledge have not been previously reported in medical literature.
  1 2,690 49
Essential trichomegaly of the eyelashes
Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
July-September 2016, 8(3):153-154
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.189031  PMID:27625571
  1 1,168 25
The effect of ovine secreted soluble factors on human dermal papilla cell aggregation
Agnes Rosarina Prita Sari, Nicholas Wolfgang Rufaut, Leslie Norman Jones, Rodney Daniel Sinclair
July-September 2016, 8(3):103-110
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188963  PMID:27625561
Context: In androgenetic alopecia, follicular miniaturization and dynamic changes to the hair cycle produce patterned baldness. The most effective treatment for baldness is hair transplantation surgery. The major limitation to hair transplantation is the availability of donor hair from the relatively unaffected occipital scalp. Hair induction with in vitro expansion of donor follicle populations has the potential to overcome this. The major obstacle to this is that in vitro expansion of human dermal papilla cell (DPC) colonies is associated with irreversible loss of aggregative behavior and hair follicle-inductive potential. In contrast, cultured ovine DPCs maintain these properties after extensive proliferation. Aims: To determine whether aggregating ovine DPC secrete factors that enhance the aggregative behavior or inductive potential of human DPC. Subjects and Methods: Fluorescently-labelled ovine DPC were mixed in culture with human DPC at passage number seven-nine, which had lost their aggregative behavior. The effects of different culture substrates and medium compositions on aggregative behavior were determined. Ovine and human papilla cells were co-cultured, separated by a permeable membrane to determine whether the ovine cells secrete soluble factors that affect human papilla cells. Results: In direct co-culture experiments, well-formed aggregates were produced by 90:10 human:ovine and 50:50 human:ovine DPC mixtures. In contrast, unmixed human DPC remained in a monolayer state after 18 days. Both human and ovine DPC had a higher tendency to aggregate in medium containing 20% (v/v) lamb serum (LS) compared to 10% (v/v) fetal calf serum (FCS). In co-culture experiments separated with permeable membrane, the human DPC aggregates were bigger and more rapidly formed with the addition of ovine secreted soluble factors. Conclusions: Soluble factors secreted by ovine DPC and present in LS increase the aggregative behavior of human DPC. These molecules might improve follicle inductiveness of human DPCs for the purpose of hair replacement therapy.
  1 4,021 80
Characterization of ovine dermal papilla cell aggregation
Agnes Rosarina Prita Sari, Nicholas Wolfgang Rufaut, Leslie Norman Jones, Rodney Daniel Sinclair
July-September 2016, 8(3):121-129
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188966  PMID:27625564
Context: The dermal papilla (DP) is a condensation of mesenchymal cells at the proximal end of the hair follicle, which determines hair shaft size and regulates matrix cell proliferation and differentiation. DP cells have the ability to regenerate new hair follicles. These cells tend to aggregate both in vitro and in vivo. This tendency is associated with the ability of papilla cells to induce hair growth. However, human papilla cells lose their hair-inducing activity in later passage number. Ovine DP cells are different from human DP cells since they do not lose their aggregative behavior or hair-inducing activity in culture. Nonetheless, our understanding of ovine DP cells is still limited. Aim: The aim of this study was to observe the expression of established DP markers in ovine cells and their association with aggregation. Subjects and Methods: Ovine DP cells from three different sheep were compared. Histochemistry, immunoflourescence, and polymerase chain reaction experiments were done to analyze the DP markers. Results: We found that ovine DP aggregates expressed all the 16 markers evaluated, including alkaline phosphatase and versican. Expression of the versican V0 and V3 isoforms, neural cell adhesion molecule, and corin was increased significantly with aggregation, while hey-1 expression was significantly decreased. Conclusions: Overall, the stable expression of numerous markers suggests that aggregating ovine DP cells have a similar phenotype to papillae in vivo. The stability of their molecular phenotype is consistent with their robust aggregative behavior and retained follicle-inducing activity after prolonged culture. Their phenotypic stability in culture contrasts with DP cells from other species, and suggests that a better understanding of ovine DP cells might provide opportunities to improve the hair-inducing activity and therapeutic potential of human cells.
  1 4,187 43
Hyperprolactinemia and hirsutism in patients without polycystic ovary syndrome
Soudabeh Tirgar-Tabari, Majid Sharbatdaran, Sara Manafi-Afkham, Mohammad Montazeri
July-September 2016, 8(3):130-134
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.188998  PMID:27625565
Background: Hirsutism is one of the most important diseases that lead women to refer to dermatology clinic. Hyperprolactinemia is one of the causes of hirsutism. The aim of this study was to determine prolactin (PRL) levels in hirsute women. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, hirsute patients were evaluated. For all of the patients, 2 or 3 days after mense starting, hormone level tests were performed, and 200 patients that had not polycystic ovary syndrome enrolled to the study. A questionnaire of history and physical examination were performed. Data have been analyzed with SPSS version 21. Results: Hyperprolactinemia were seen in 25 patients (12.5%). There was no significant relation between marital statuses, galactorrhoea, positive family history, and infertility with hyperprolactinemia. But significant relation was seen between irregular mense and hyperprolactinemia. Conclusion: Although hyperprolactinemia is the rare cause of hirsutism, the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia was high in our study. Thus, PRL level in hirsute patients should be evaluate.
  1 3,889 65
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome with alopecia: A rare case report with review of literature
Sanjiv V Choudhary, Uday V Choudhari
July-September 2016, 8(3):141-143
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.189012  PMID:27625567
A 17-year-old girl presented with alopecia involving lateral margins of the scalp with primary amenorrhea. There was no history of parental consanguinity, and no other siblings were having similar complaints. Her secondary sexual characters were well developed with hypoplastic vagina. Histopathological findings from scalp biopsy showed features of alopecia areata. Ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis revealed the absence of uterus and the right kidney. Follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, testosterone, and thyroid function test was within normal limits. The patient had normal 46, XX Karyotype. Till date, only four case reports of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome with alopecia has been reported. We are reporting the first case of MRKH syndrome with alopecia with normal gonadal function in world's literature.
  - 4,169 46
A 14-year-old boy with an irregularly bordered, erythematous, alopecic patch of the scalp
Matilde Iorizzo, Cosimo Misciali, Sandra Lorenzi
July-September 2016, 8(3):150-152
DOI:10.4103/0974-7753.189028  PMID:27625570
  - 2,583 42